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时间:2019-04-11 作者: 试题来源:网络

2019年八下英语Unit 7 What’s the highest mountain in the world单元检测题(带答案人教新目标版)

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Unit7 综合测评
(时间:90分钟 分值:100分)
第Ⅰ卷 听力部分(15分)
Ⅰ.听句子,选择与其意思相符的图片(5分)
 
1.    2.    3.    4.    5.   
Ⅱ.听对话和问题,选择正确答案。对话和问题读两遍(5分)
6.A.Anna’s father.     B.Anna’s mother.     C.Anna’s brother.
7.A.Windy.    B.Rainy.    C.Sunny.
8.A.He is a top student.
B.He doesn’t work hard now.
C.He used to play computer games too much.
9.A.Africa.    B.Asia.    C.America.
10.A.In the classroom.    B.In the hospital.    C.In the factory.
Ⅲ.听短文,选择正确答案。短文读两遍(5分)
11.How old is Mimi?
A.2 years old.    B.3 years old.    C.4 years old.
12.What color are Mimi’s eyes?
A.Black.    B.Yellow.    C.Green.
13.What is Mimi’s favorite food?
A.Fish.    B.Meat.    C.Bread.
14.Where does Mimi like to sleep?
A.In the garden.    B.In a basket.    C.Under the tree.
15.Why does Mimi never worry?
A.Because it is very silly.
B.Because we take good care of it.
C.Because it often plays with balls and pieces of string.
第Ⅱ卷 笔试部分(85分)
Ⅳ.单项选择(10分)
16.As we know, the Yangtze River is one of    rivers in the world.
                            
A.long    B.longer    C.longest    D.the longest
17.He wanted to    the stone in his hand.
A.develop    B.rise    C.challenge    D.weigh
18.Hangzhou is a beautiful city. It has many places of interest. So lots of    come to visit it every year.
A.terrorists    B.tourists    C.adults    D.neighbors
19.    I know, Jack’s got twin sisters.
A.As far as    B.As long as    C.As soon as    D.As for
20.On weekends the Smiths usually drive to the countryside and    the fresh air there.
A.come in    B.take in    C.take off    D.wake up
21.—How tall is the tree?
—It’s about    .
A.five meter tall    B.ten foot tall
C.five meters tall    D.ten-feet tall
22.Do you think there    robots in people’s homes in the future?  
A.will be    B.will is    C.be will    D.will are
23.The population of the town    big. Four fifths of the population    farmers.
A.is; are    B.are; is    C.are; are    D.is; be
24.He is    and he needs some help.
A.dangerous    B.in dangerous    C.in danger    D.out of danger
25.I was wearing a fur coat to    myself    the cold.
A.protect; out    B.protect; from    C.stop; of    D.stop; out
Ⅴ.完形填空(10分)
A thousand years ago Hong Kong was covered by a thick forest. As more and more people came to live in Hong Kong, these trees were cut down and burnt. Now there is  26  forest left, though there are still some small areas covered with trees. We call these woods.
Elephants, tigers and many other animals were living in the thick forest. When people came to live in Hong Kong, the plants began to die out. Early farmers grew rice and  27  pigs and chickens in the valleys. They cut down the trees and burnt them. They needed fire to keep themselves warm in winter, to cook their food and to keep away from the dangerous animals. Elephants quickly disappeared because there was not enough food for them. 28  did most of the wolves and tigers. Monkeys and many other animals soon  29  in the same way.
You might think that there are no longer any animals in Hong Kong  30  in the zoos. But there are still about 36 different animals 31  there. One of the most interesting of Hong Kong’s animals is the barking deer. These are beautiful little animals  32  a rich brown coat and a white patch under the tail. They look like deer but they are much smaller. They are less than two feet  33 . They make a noise rather like a dog  34 . In Hong Kong the barking deer has only a real enemy—men. People hunt these little animals though it is illegal. There are now not many barking deer left. So it is important  35  people to protect wild animals.
26.A.many    B.a few    C.no    D.not
27.A.grew    B.made    C.got    D.kept
28.A.So    B.Such    C.As    D.Nor
29.A.lived    B.died    C.came    D.left
30.A.besides    B.except    C.and    D.or
31.A.live    B.to live    C.lived    D.living
32.A.have    B.without    C.with    D.get
33.A.high    B.higher    C.short    D.shorter
34.A.shouting    B.crying    C.barking    D.talking
35.A.to    B.for    C.like    D.of
Ⅵ.阅读理解(20分)
A
FourMajorPlateaus(四大高原)inChina
Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is the largest plateau in China and the highest in the world, covering about 2.5 million square kilometers. Its elevation (高度) is between 4, 000 and 5, 000 meters.
The second largest plateau in China, Inner Mongolian Plateau, is between 1, 000 and 1, 400 meters above sea level in north China.
The Loess Plateau is on the west of Taihang Mountains and on the east of Qilian Mountains. It covers 400, 000 square kilometers and is between 1, 500 and 2, 000 meters above sea level.
Covering Guizhou Province and east Yunnan Province, Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau is between 1, 000 and 2, 000 meters above sea level. It is the smallest of the four. The famous Huangguoshu Waterfall is on the plateau.

36.Which one is in the north of China?
A.Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.    B.The Loess Plateau.
C.Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau.    D.Inner Mongolian Plateau.
37.Which one is the highest plateau in the world?
A.Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.    B.The Loess Plateau.
C.Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau.    D.Inner Mongolian Plateau.
38.What’s the Chinese meaning of the underlined word “Loess”?
A.石头    B.黄土    C.沙尘    D.熔岩
39.Which one is the smallest of the four?
A.Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.    B.The Loess Plateau.
C.Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau.    D.Inner Mongolian Plateau.
40.Where is the Loess Plateau?
A.On the east of Taihang Mountains.
B.On the south of Qinling Mountains.
C.Between Taihang Mountains and Qilian Mountains.
D.Between Taihang Mountains and Qinling Mountains.

B
 
The leaders of 13 countries had a big meeting in St Petersburg, Russia. The meeting was about tigers. They talked about the ways to protect the animals in their countries. They agreed to spend more money protecting tigers and they wanted to double the number of tigers in the world before 2022.
“The tiger is one of the world’s most endangered animals,” the World Wildlife Fund(WWF)says,“There are only about 3, 200 wild tigers by the year 2010.And the number is becoming smaller and smaller.”“If nothing happens, tigers will face disasters,” said the WWF spokesman.
Nine types of tigers lived 100 years ago, but now at least three types of them have died out.“If people leave tigers alone and don’t kill them, then the number of tigers will double in 10 years,” said Jean-Christoph Vie, a French tiger expert.
China is one of the 13 countries where tigers live. There are many wild tigers in China now. They are the Bengal tigers in Tibet, Indochinese tigers in China’s southwest, and Siberian tigers in the northeast. The South China tigers lived in southeast China many years ago but disappeared in the 1970s. Many experts think they have already died out.
41.What’s the meeting in St Petersburg mainly about?
A.How to help tigers find a better place to live.    
B.How to protect tigers in their countries.
C.How to stop people from hunting the wild animals.    
D.How to count the number of tigers in the world.
42.Which of the following is TRUE according to the WWF?
A.Many tigers have died only because people hunt them.
B.About 3, 200 tigers have died in the past 100 years.
C.There are more and more tigers these years.
D.There are about 3, 200 wild tigers in the world by the year 2010.
43.In Jean-Christoph Vie’s opinion, the best way to double the number of tigers in 10 years is    .
A.to do nothing    B.to keep all of them in the zoo
C.to stop people from killing them    D.to build more nature reserves for tigers
44.How many types of tigers at most are there in the world now?
A.5.    B.6.    C.7.    D.9.
45.When did the South China tigers in southeast China disappear?
A.Before 2022.    B.In the 1970s.    C.100 years ago.    D.10 years ago.
Ⅶ.任务型阅读(10分)
The life of the animals in the zoo is different from that in the wildlife park.
In the zoo, most of the animals are very sad. They have to stay in cages all day and wait for the zoo keepers to feed them. They can’t go out of the cages, so they have to walk round and round.
However, the wildlife park is a good place for them. All the animals there live in the open air. They can run, jump and play happily, and look for food by themselves. They are protected there because people are not allowed to hunt. The most important thing is that they are free and happy in the wildlife park.
Most of the animals in the wildlife park are friendly. But some are scary, such as lions, wolves and tigers. Don’t worry. A special bus can take you to see the animals. You are quite safe inside the bus.How exciting it is if a tiger or a lion watches you through the window!  
阅读短文, 按照要求完成各题。
46.The animals in the zoo have to stay           all day.
47.The wildlife park is       for animals.
48.In the wildlife park, animals           food by themselves.
49.Find the topic sentence of the passage and copy it down. (找出文章中的主题句并抄写下来)
 
50.Translate the underlined sentence into Chinese. (将画线的句子翻译成中文)
 
Ⅷ.词汇运用(10分)
A.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词
51.The p         of China is a lot bigger than that of the US.
52.We should c        ourselves in the face of difficulties.
53.It may be one of the greatest scientific a       of the decade.
54.When the girl saw her mother, she ran over with e       .
55.He read out a short p        from the book.
B.完成句子
56.随后, 事情变得越来越糟了。
Then things went                .
57.据我所知, 长城是世界上最长的人造建筑。
                       , the Great Wall is the longest man-made structure in the world.
58.大自然的威力非常强大。
The                   is very strong.
59.你们可以随便问我关于今天比赛的事情。
You can             to ask me anything about today’s game.
60.黄河是中国第二长河。
The Yellow River is                       in China.
Ⅸ.补全对话(有两项多余)(10分)
A: Hi, Sarah. Do you know what the biggest rainforest is in the world?
B: Yes, I do.61.  
A: How big is it?
B: 62.  
A: Where is it?
B: 63.  
A: Oh, you know it very well.
B: Yes, my teacher told us about it last week.
A: Can you tell me something more about it?
B: Of course.64.  
A: It must be very special and beautiful.
B: Yes, it is.65.  
A: What happened to it?
B: People cut down lots of trees every year.
A: That’s too bad.
A.It is about 2, 700, 000 square miles.
B.How did you know it?
C.People have to protect the rainforest.
D.More than 1, 200 kinds of birds live in it.
E.But it is becoming smaller and smaller in size these years.
F.It is the Amazon Rainforest.
G.It is in South America.
Ⅹ.书面表达(15分)
假如你是李雷, 你的美国朋友Jack对中国的大熊猫保护活动很感兴趣, 请根据以下提示给他写封信介绍一下这方面的情况。80词左右。
提示: 1.建立自然保护区(nature reserve)保护大熊猫;
 2.教它们独立生活的技能, 之后放归大自然;
3.向国际组织(如WWF)寻求帮助。
Dear Jack,
 
 
 
Yours,
Li Lei



参考答案

Unit7 综合测评
Ⅰ.1.D 2.A 3.E 4.B 5.C
Ⅱ.6.B 7.B 8.B 9.A 10.A
Ⅲ.11.B 12.C 13.A 14.B 15.B
Ⅳ.16.D 17.D 18.B 19.A 20.B 21.C 22.A 23.A 24.C 25.B
Ⅴ.26.C 27.D 28.A 29.B 30.B 31.D 32.C 33.A 34.C 35.B
Ⅵ.36.D 37.A 38.B 39.C 40.C 41.B 42.D 43.C 44.B 45.B
Ⅶ.46.in cages 47.good 48.look for
49.The life of the animals in the zoo is different from that in the wildlife park.
50.如果老虎或狮子透过车窗看着你是多么令人兴奋啊!
Ⅷ.51.population 52.challenge 53.achievements 54.excitement
55.passage 56.worse and worse 57.As far as I know
58.forces of nature 59.feel free 60.the second longest river
Ⅸ.61.F 62.A 63.G 64.D 65.E
Ⅹ.Dear Jack,  
How are you doing? Let me tell you something about the pandas in China. Firstly, we choose suitable places as nature reserves for pandas. Pandas are protected in these areas. Then when the young pandas grow up, they are taught the necessary skills to live in the wild on their own. When they learn as much as necessary, they are set free into the forests to live a normal life. We also try to get help from international organizations, such as WWF. They have given us a lot of knowledge about endangered animals. Welcome to China to see the pandas.
Best wishes!
Yours,
Li Lei

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